The cost, terms and efforts spent on the creation and initial adaptation of buildings suggest that companies do not have to carry out repeated work on organization and reconstruction every ten years or more often. But the needs of business and people are changing every year, and the pace of priority change is constantly growing. A logical question arises – how to make sure that the building now built will remain modern 20, 30, or even 50 years?
Scientific and technological progress is constantly improving our life. The past is replete with examples when once ultramodern structures quickly became obsolete, which led to expensive modernization. Are new achievements of science and technology capable of building the buildings of the future?
It’s too early to speak too early, although many modern buildings are now being built precisely taking into account many unforeseen circumstances, that is, on the basis of flexible models, taking into account extreme weather conditions, threats to security and climate change.
But the design of adapted buildings is only one of the methods of hedging against the unknown. The alternative is potentially less expensive – to use the strategy of collecting consistent and accurate data, as well as interaction with all interested parties.
The governing principle is to monitor each element, its coordination with the data. In the simplest case, all this means approximately the following: building a digital 3D model, which reflects the asset in real time. These models will help the effective operation of the structure throughout its life cycle: employees will be able to find hidden pipes and electric networks, know which air conditioners are under a guarantee and even understand how to dismantle individual sections at the stage of decommissioning.
A detailed digital model becomes a powerful prognostic tool for predicting operational costs and any reconstruction, repair or corrections. This knowledge can reduce expenses and save time.
How it works with an example… Imagine a scenario in which the glue, widely used in the construction of a building to adapt materials, unexpectedly fell into a list of hazardous human health. The digital model will then give the exact location of each element where the toxic substance is contained, but will also accurately show the environment and orientation of each of them. Otherwise (without a digital model), you will have to conduct complex, expensive and expendable survey. This is exactly what they do in old buildings, therefore their reconstruction is not cheap.
It is easier for people to interact with the building, having its digital model. Already, the owners of many buildings have the opportunity to track all the parameters of the structure, receiving data from the sensors of direct to the phone. For example, you can track temperature, orientation of the sun, humidity, people’s flows. Sensors are a powerful means of tracking buildings in real time. They allow you to determine the areas of wear, as well as understand the necessary investments, plan reconstruction, optimize buildings.
Digital models and sensors give information that allows you to introduce other people with their building and how you can interact with it. For example, a digital model can immediately allow potential buyers of apartments in a house under construction to see how they will live in this house, after what time the elevators will have to change, engineering communications, etc. P.